Beyond the nutritional benefits of breastfeeding
It is known that the composition of the mother's milk is ideal to supply the physiological needs of the babies and is recommended by the World Health Organization to be exclusive until the first six months and complemented until the second year of life.
Many studies have explored the benefits of breastfeeding related to the immune, digestive and pulmonary systems, cognitive development, prevention of chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes, and, increasingly, there is evidence that these benefits go beyond: dental health and adequate craniofacial development.
The suctioning mechanism, responsible for craniofacial growth and adequate occlusion has differences when compared breast to bottle.
Studies indicate that the muscle activity of infants who are breastfed exclusively makes them less likely to develop dysfunctional muscle patterns, which may predispose bottle-fed infants to malocclusion.
In addition, even thought still little, there are indications that breastfeeding up to 11 months of age is associated with a lower index of deteriorated, missing and filled surfaces and a lower prevalence of caries compared to children who were exclusively breastfed for less than 6 months.
WHO. 10 Facts on Breastfeeding: WHO recommends. Disponível em: <http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/breastfeeding/facts/en/>. Acesso em: 16 jul. 2017.
SALONE, Lindsey Rennick; VANN, William F.; DEE, Deborah L.. Breastfeeding. The Journal Of The American Dental Association, [s.l.], v. 144, n. 2, p.143-151, fev. 2013. Elsevier BV. http://dx.doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.2013.0093.
NIRUNSITTIRAT, Areerat et al. Breastfeeding Duration and Childhood Caries: A Cohort Study. Caries Research, [s.l.], v. 50, n. 5, p.498-507, 2016. S. Karger AG. http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000448145.